Parent class: VirWare

Viruses and worms are malicious programs that self-replicate on computers or via computer networks without the user being aware; each subsequent copy of such malicious programs is also able to self-replicate. Malicious programs which spread via networks or infect remote machines when commanded to do so by the “owner” (e.g. Backdoors) or programs that create multiple copies that are unable to self-replicate are not part of the Viruses and Worms subclass. The main characteristic used to determine whether or not a program is classified as a separate behaviour within the Viruses and Worms subclass is how the program propagates (i.e. how the malicious program spreads copies of itself via local or network resources.) Most known worms are spread as files sent as email attachments, via a link to a web or FTP resource, via a link sent in an ICQ or IRC message, via P2P file sharing networks etc. Some worms spread as network packets; these directly penetrate the computer memory, and the worm code is then activated. Worms use the following techniques to penetrate remote computers and launch copies of themselves: social engineering (for example, an email message suggesting the user opens an attached file), exploiting network configuration errors (such as copying to a fully accessible disk), and exploiting loopholes in operating system and application security. Viruses can be divided in accordance with the method used to infect a computer:
  • file viruses
  • boot sector viruses
  • macro viruses
  • script viruses
Any program within this subclass can have additional Trojan functions. It should also be noted that many worms use more than one method in order to spread copies via networks.

Class: Email-Worm

Email-Worms spread via email. The worm sends a copy of itself as an attachment to an email message or a link to its file on a network resource (e.g. a URL to an infected file on a compromised website or a hacker-owned website). In the first case, the worm code activates when the infected attachment is opened (launched). In the second case, the code is activated when the link to the infected file is opened. In both case, the result is the same: the worm code is activated. Email-Worms use a range of methods to send infected emails. The most common are: using a direct connection to a SMTP server using the email directory built into the worm’s code using MS Outlook services using Windows MAPI functions. Email-Worms use a number of different sources to find email addresses to which infected emails will be sent: the address book in MS Outlook a WAB address database .txt files stored on the hard drive: the worm can identify which strings in text files are email addresses emails in the inbox (some Email-Worms even “reply” to emails found in the inbox) Many Email-Worms use more than one of the sources listed above. There are also other sources of email addresses, such as address books associated with web-based email services.

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Platform: VBS

Visual Basic Scripting Edition (VBScript) is a scripting language interpreted by Windows Script Host. VBScript is widely used to create scripts on Microsoft Windows operating systems.


Technical Details

This is a family of Internet worms that spreads via e-mail by sending infected messages from infected computers. While spreading, the worms use MS Outlook, and send themselves to addresses that are stored in the MS Outlook Address Book.

The worms are written in the scripting language "Visual Basic Script" (VBS), and they work only on computers on which the Windows Scripting Host (WSH) has been installed. In Windows 98 and Windows 2000, WHS is installed by default. To spread itself, the worms access MS Outlook, and use its functions and address lists. This is available in Outlook 98/2000 only, so the worms are able to spread only when one of these MS Outlook versions is installed.

The worm arrives to a computer as an e-mail message with an attached VBS file that is the worm itself. The message in the original worm version contains:

The Subject: New Generation of drivers.
Message body:
Microsoft hasCards, comp published new driver
for all types Video atible with Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP.
You can read about it in attachment document.
Best wishes,Microsoft.
Attached file name: "driver.doc .vbs"

The file extention (".vbs") is separated by lots of spaces and sometimes may not be displayed.

Depending on the system settings, a real attached-file extension (".vbs") may not be shown. In this case, the attached-file filename is displayed as "DRIVER.DOC".

Upon being activated by a user (by double clicking on the attached file), the worm creates its exact copy in the WINDOWS directory with the "driver.doc .vbs" name.

The worm checks whether the file system is NTFS, and if it isn't, it exits. If the file system is NTFS, the worm creates a ODBC.INI file in the WINDOWS directory, and associates four additional NTFS streams with it.

If the filesystem is NTFS, the worm creates a ODBC.INI file in the WINDOWS directory and associates four additional NTFS streams with it.

group - adds a user to the system
mail - sends a worm's copies using Outlook
main - main part of the worm
user - adds a user to the system

Then the worm creates a temporary file ("go.vbs"), which assembles all parts of the worm into one file ("notepad.vbs"), and launches it.

The part of the worm launched from NOTEPAD.VBS sends its copy to the first 50 e-mail addresses in the Outlook address book. After mailing, the worm checks whether the operating system is Windows 2000, and if it is, adds a new user with the name "Lord_Nikon" to system.

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